Throughout this page, words in italics are in Gaxtal, not English.
is pronounced as in 'pot.'
is pronounced as in 'pet.'
is pronounced as in 'meet.'
is pronounced as in 'Rome.'
is pronounced as in 'food.'
is pronounced as in 'pit.'
b, d, f, k, l, m, n, p, s, t, v, w,
are pronounced like in English.
is a ch sound, like in 'church.'
is always hard like in 'guard.'
does not change sounds - it is always a sound like in the beginning of 'house.'
is always a dge sound like in 'dodge.'
is a sound like the French r. There is no English equivalent.
is a sound in between r and d. It is used in Japanese, but not in English.
is a hard sound used in German and Hebrew. There is not an equivalent sound in common English.
Verb tenses (example verb: likna
, to like):
To negate a verb, use the word non
between the subject and the verb.
There are six personal pronouns in Gaxtal. They are:
In the third person, there is no differentiation between male (he, his), female (she, hers), and object (it, its). Also, possessives, and both subjective and objective cases, use the same word. If there is any confusion with possessive form, it is permissible to use the word onbai
before the pronoun to make possessive. His animal would be et emal onbai li
There are only a few prepositions. The preposition hin
handles almost every case where something is inside of something. It also can express place or time. The preposition awen
means 'with' normally, but can also be used to mean: using, having, of, or in the direction of. Losen
is another preposition used to indicate something that is close; it is used as 'near' or 'towards.' The two contrasting prepositions pelys
mean, respectively, 'after' and 'before.'
Adverbs are used before the verb. The negation adverb, non
, is always used before every other adverb, right after the subject. The most important adverb is probably kan
, meaning 'is allowed to' or 'can.'
Nouns are quite simple in Gaxtal. They go through no changes in any way; to pluralize a word the word i
is added after it. For example, one animal is emal
and two or more animals is emal i
There are quite a few numbers in Gaxtal. The numbers, one through ten, are eno; dok; tyr; lit; vif; zex; zet; gei; nin; dex.